The hottest medical equipment processing trade has

2022-08-17
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Since the reform and opening up, China has given full play to its comparative advantages, actively participated in international industrial division and cooperation, vigorously developed processing trade, and made remarkable achievements. According to statistics, at present, the total import and export volume of China's processing trade accounts for about 45% of the total import and export volume of foreign trade, which attracts multinational companies to transfer processing and manufacturing links and R & D institutions with higher technological level and greater value-added content to China. With the further opening of China's market, the field of processing trade is bound to expand, especially the processing trade of high-tech products such as medical devices. However, while processing trade brings new opportunities for the development of medical devices in China, it also brings some challenges. In this paper, the researchers of China Chamber of Commerce for the import and export of medical and health products have made a detailed interpretation of the composition of China's medical device processing trade from 2000 to 2007, analyzed the new situation and new problems in the current field of foreign trade, and put forward suggestions to reduce the processing trade of low technology content and low technology value-added goods, transfer the processing trade to the direction of high technology and high standards, and optimize the export structure

Import and export trade continued to grow, and processing trade contributed significantly

the amount of China's medical device import and export trade has gradually increased in recent years, especially the growth rate of export trade is significantly greater than that of import. According to the statistics of China's customs, the import and export volume of medical devices in 2007 was about US $12.7 billion, of which the import volume was about US $4.28 billion and the export volume was about US $8.42 billion, an increase of 332.0%, 226.7% and 416.5% respectively over the import and export volume of medical devices in 2000 (US $2.95 billion), import volume (US $1.31 billion) and export volume (US $1.64 billion)

from 2000 to 2007, the export volume of China's medical devices was greater than the import volume, and the import and export trade volume showed a surplus, and the annual trade surplus increased year by year. In 2007, the trade surplus reached US $4.133 billion. The export volume of processing trade of medical devices in China is also increasing year by year. However, after deducting the amount of processing trade, the export value of medical devices is greater than the import value, but it is significantly smaller than the surplus when the processing trade is not deducted. Taking 2007 as an example, the export volume of China's medical devices was about 8.42 billion US dollars, of which the import processing trade volume reached 2.8 billion US dollars, accounting for 33.3% of the total export volume; The trade volume of processing and assembling with supplied materials was 490million US dollars, accounting for 5.9% of the total export. Together, they account for 39.2% of China's exports of medical devices. The export volume excluding the import processing trade volume and the processing and assembly trade volume with supplied materials is US $5.13 billion. In 2007, the import volume was about 4.28 billion US dollars, and the import processing trade volume was 330million US dollars, accounting for 7.7% of the total import volume of medical devices; The trade volume of processing and assembling with supplied materials is US $60million, accounting for 1.5% of the total import volume. After deducting the trade volume of processing with imported materials and processing and assembly with supplied materials, the import volume was 3.89 billion US dollars, 1.24 billion US dollars less than the export volume. If we take into account the US $673million trade in transit goods stored in the bonded area and the US $273million trade in inbound and outbound goods in the bonded warehouse, the import and export volume of medical devices basically presents a trade balance

analysis: the import and export volume of medical devices in China has continued to grow in recent years. The reason is that in addition to the growth of general trade, the growth of processing trade has played a decisive role in the growth of the import and export volume of medical devices. In China's medical device export trade, processing trade accounts for a high proportion, while in the import trade, processing trade accounts for a small proportion. It is noteworthy that in 2007, the export volume of China's medical device processing trade reached more than 3.29 billion US dollars, which played a positive role in promoting domestic employment growth and alleviating employment pressure. According to the calculation that the export of US $100million drives the employment of 10000 people, the export of China's medical device processing trade in 2007 can promote the employment of 330000 people. However, it should also be recognized that the amount of processing trade is a major factor affecting China's trade surplus

the export products of medical device processing trade involve 82 categories of medical device commodities. In 2007, the top three products accounting for the export value of processing trade were cotton surgical towels, massage equipment, and other glasses for correcting vision and protecting eyes, accounting for 11.4%, 9.2% and 6.1% of the total processing trade of medical devices respectively. The total export value of processing trade of these three categories of commodities was US $880 million, accounting for 26.7% of the total export value

among the export products of medical devices in 2007, the main products dominated by processing trade include hearing aids (excluding parts and accessories), other gloves made of vulcanized rubber, X-ray contrast agents and diagnostic reagents, accounting for 96.9%, 92.1% and 91.3% of the export value of this commodity in that year respectively

analysis: the import and export of medical devices reflects a country's scientific and technological strength. In the processing trade of medical devices in China, the medical devices of the processing trade with imported materials and the processing and assembly trade with supplied materials almost cover all the export commodities of medical devices. Almost all of the exports of some commodities are processing trade, mainly commodities with certain scientific and technological content, such as hearing aids; Some commodities with relatively low scientific and technological content also have processing trade, such as massage equipment, which has a huge amount of processing trade. In view of the high-tech nature of medical devices and China's dependence on imports of high-end medical devices, combined with the actual situation of China's medical diagnosis and treatment and the current imbalance in import and export trade, it is necessary to increase the introduction of high-tech medical devices, promote the transformation and upgrading of processing trade, promote the upgrading of industrial structure, optimize the export structure, and truly implement the policies and measures to adjust the structure of processing trade. At the same time, we should analyze the specific varieties of medical devices and appropriately reduce the processing trade of low technology content and low technology value-added goods. Through the development of hp-rtm, we can meet the requirements of the country in terms of technical level, social security and environmental protection when the hanging East workbench moves downward

processing trade regions are concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta

the main regions of China's medical device processing trade are the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. In 2007, the top three regions were mainly Guangdong Province, Jiangsu Province and Shanghai city. They are not direct vultures, but they are not direct vultures, which can break the gap and lead to the development of medical devices? 6.1%, 20.8% and 19.8%, accounting for 66.7% of the total export volume of the national medical device processing trade. The proportion of processing trade in the western region is very low. For example, the export value of processing trade in Sichuan Province and Shaanxi Province is very low, accounting for 0.03% and 0.8% of the export value of national medical device processing trade respectively. The processing trade of medical devices in some western regions is almost zero

LCD real-time display analysis: the regionalization of China's medical device processing trade is obvious, and encouraging the regional transfer of processing trade is one of the specific work contents of China's western development. Increasing policy support for the regional transfer of processing trade is of great significance for promoting the balance of domestic processing trade industry, strengthening the western development, driving the development of unsuitable injection molding machines in the medical device industry in the central and western regions, and producing low VOC parts

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