China's status as the world's hottest factory will

2022-08-08
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China's status as the "world factory" will not be shaken in 10 years.

representatives of the industrial circles such as zongqinghou, Dong Mingzhu, Li Shufu, Tan Xuguang, Yuan Liqun, Zhou Jianxiong discuss the new connotation of the world factory

China's status as the world factory will not be shaken in 10 years.

the cost of employing a worker in China, 1.5 workers in Thailand, 2.5 workers in the Philippines, and 3.5 workers in Indonesia

as the world's factory, China's advantage of low labor cost no longer exists, and Southeast Asian countries are ambitious to become substitutes. At the same time, the United States and other developed countries are also advocating Reindustrialization and revitalization of manufacturing

in the past 30 years, China's manufacturing industry, which has been almost downwind and invincible all over the world, has encountered a sandwich competition between high-end technology and low-end costs

in January this year, Wall Street wrote that China is losing its position as the world's factory, and manufacturers in various fields in terms of cost performance are relocating their businesses to lower cost regions such as Southeast Asia

Will China lose its status as a world factory by improving its performance and processability and becoming a special engineering plastic? How should China's manufacturing industry cope with the price war

cheap is coming to an end

some favorable conditions for China to participate in economic globalization and undertake international industrial transfer, especially the advantage of low labor cost, have been significantly weakened. Peichanghong, member of the CPPCC National Committee and director of the Institute of economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that in addition to the increase in human costs, the cost of resources represented by land also rose sharply. At the end of 2011, the total land price level of major monitored cities in China was 3049 yuan/square meter, which was 2.4 times that of 6-bromocyclo102-alkane absorbed into the human body through the respiratory tract and digestive tract at the end of 2005

China is no longer the cheapest production base. In 2000, 40% of Nike shoes in the world were produced in China, while only 13% were produced in Vietnam. In 2009, both sides accounted for 36% respectively. In 2010, Vietnam replaced China as the largest manufacturer of Nike shoes. The production of computer accessories in Guangdong accounts for 60% of the world, but in recent years, electronic enterprises have shifted to ASEAN. Peichanghong said

according to the world investment report 2012 of the United Nations Trade and development organization, the foreign direct investment flowing into Southeast Asia in 2011 was US $117billion, an increase of 26% over the previous year, while China's growth rate in the same period was only 8%

according to the data of the Ministry of Commerce, China's foreign direct investment decreased by 3.7% to US $111.72 billion in 2012, the first annual decline since the outbreak of the global financial crisis in 2009. Although this situation does not rule out the impact of the European debt crisis, it should be noted that foreign direct investment in Thailand soared by about 63% in the same year, and foreign direct investment in Indonesia also increased by 27% in the first nine months of 2012

at the same time, from 2009 to 2012, the Obama administration has introduced a number of measures to boost the U.S. manufacturing industry, such as the purchase of American goods, the manufacturing promotion act, tax incentives and so on. In his second term inaugural address, Obama also highlighted the return of large manufacturing industries to the United States

if the cheap labor force, as a traditional advantage, no longer exists, what advantages does China have to maintain its booming world factory

three advantages supporting China to continue to be the world factory

peichanghong believes that China's position as the world factory will not be replaced in the next 10 years at least. Some international research data also support peichanghong's view

Deloitte released the 2013 global manufacturing competitiveness index at the beginning of the year. China ranks first in competitiveness, and it is expected that China will still rank first five years later. KPMG recently surveyed 200 people in the automotive industry from 31 countries and found that 70% of the respondents' answer was China

the phenomenon of manufacturing returning to the United States does exist, but it mainly occurs in the high-end technology link of high-end industries. While other developing countries are difficult to meet the conditions of being the world's factory, and it is difficult for them to have substitutes to undertake such a large-scale transfer. In terms of total human capital, China will still have an absolute advantage in the next 10 years. If the product of the total population aged 25 and above and the number of years of education per capita is taken as the total human capital of a country, then in 2010, among the 11 new diamond countries (referring to 11 emerging markets with growth potential second only to the BRICs countries, including Pakistan, Egypt, etc.), plus 13 countries including India and China, China's total human capital accounted for more than 50%, and it still accounted for about 45% in 2020. Peichanghong regards the accelerated improvement of labor quality as China's second demographic dividend

according to Wang Zhile, a researcher at the Institute of international trade and economic cooperation of the Ministry of Commerce and director of the multinational corporation research center, the status of China's world factory has not been weakened, because the three advantages of China's manufacturing industry have not changed

first of all, China has a rapidly expanding market. In 2012, the total retail sales of social consumer goods in China exceeded 20 trillion yuan, while in 2008, it was only 10 trillion yuan, which doubled in five years, which is inconceivable internationally. Moreover, China's consumer market will continue to expand. Wang Zhile said

secondly, although the cost of labor in China is getting higher and higher, the quality of labor has significantly improved in recent years. The cost performance of China's labor force is still very competitive in the world. Although the transfer of manufacturing industry to ASEAN is strong, the first transfer is mostly labor-intensive industries, such as shoe making and clothing. Wang Zhile told China Economic Weekly that he received news from many large multinational companies that they were still considering expanding their investment in China

from 2010 to 2012, Ge invested an additional $2billion in China, focusing on innovation and strategic cooperation. Ge executives said on different occasions that China is GE's largest market in the future. Labor costs in other labor exporting countries are often 30% lower than those in China, said John rice, vice chairman of Ge, but other problems will offset this difference, especially the lack of reliable supply chains in many countries

reliable supply chain is the third advantage of China's manufacturing industry in Wang Zhile's mouth. Modern industrial manufacturing is a division of labor and cooperation, which requires a large number of supporting suppliers, such as the automobile industry is typical. In recent years, China has successfully established a relatively advantageous industrial supporting system in the world. Some ASEAN countries, including Vietnam, do not yet have it. Wang Zhile said

Deloitte's 2013 global manufacturing competitiveness index also mentioned that China has concentrated on localizing supply chains and establishing innovation centers, so it is regarded as the only emerging country that can keep pace with developed countries and has the same supplier network advantages

China is endowing the world factory with new connotation

Wang Zhile believes that the transfer of some labor-intensive industries does not necessarily have a negative impact on China's manufacturing industry. From the perspective of cost performance, it forces the remaining manufacturing industry to transform, upgrade and develop to a higher-end manufacturing industry. At present, China's manufacturing industry is facing such challenges as whether it can transform and upgrade, save energy and protect the environment

China as the world's factory is not necessarily a good thing. In a certain period of time, we are still more willing to position ourselves as a big manufacturing country and a powerful country. Simple processing plants do not have much benefits and benefits, so we don't have to care too much about the gains and losses of this status. In contrast, what deserves more attention is the sustainable development ability and innovation ability of China's manufacturing industry, the core of which is to change the talent training mechanism and cultivate more innovative talents. Zhang Hanlin, Professor of the University of international business and economics and Dean of the China WTO Research Institute, said

zongqinghou, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman and general manager of Wahaha Group, told China Economic Weekly that at present, China should no longer be a world factory and a cheap factory. Others design products, paste other people's brands, and give us orders to process. In fact, it is very simple to do foreign trade, but it is not so easy to develop the domestic market. At present, Chinese manufacturing enterprises need to improve their competitiveness, innovate and upgrade their technology. At present, the economic downturn in European and American countries has reduced demand, and our exports have also decreased accordingly. Some people feel panic. But in fact, this gives us a good opportunity to re-examine ourselves and seek development. Zongqinghou said

in fact, some Chinese manufacturing enterprises have been taking the road of scientific and technological innovation, transformation and upgrading

the 2012 annual performance express of Gree Electric Appliance Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Gree Electric Appliance) shows that the company's annual turnover exceeded 100 billion yuan, becoming the world's first household appliance brand that relies on a single category (air conditioning) to exceed 100 billion yuan

it is undeniable that the severe situation of the current market has reduced the consumption desire at home and abroad. Only by adhering to independent innovation can enterprises survive the cold winter and national brands occupy a place in the world competition. Dongmingzhu, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman and President of Gree Electric Appliance, said that Gree Electric Appliance has proved by its actions that it can not only play the role of a manufacturer, but also become a strong player in the world and win respect in the field of independent innovation, especially in core technological innovation. It is reported that Gree Electric has invested more than 3billion yuan in scientific research every year

innovation can not only enable Chinese enterprises to control product pricing and trend definition in global competition, but also bring real profits

at present, new products based on continuous innovation platform have become the profit cow of Midea Group. In 2011, Midea Group launched thousands of new products, achieving sales revenue of more than 50% of total revenue and profit contribution rate of more than 65%. Said Yuan Liqun, a deputy to the National People's Congress and a director and senior vice president of Midea Group. She told that in the past five years, Midea Group has invested more than 10billion yuan in science and technology. During the 12th Five Year Plan period, Midea Group clearly proposed to invest 3% of its annual revenue in research and development

considering the changes in internal and external conditions, China should actively cultivate and form new international competitive advantages and endow the world factory with new connotation. Peichanghong believes that this is mainly to improve the technological innovation ability and product R & D ability of enterprises, actively participate in the formulation of international standards, cultivate product brands on the basis of technological innovation, and improve the brand competitiveness of export products

where to start the transformation and upgrading

according to tan Xuguang, a deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Shandong heavy industry group, to understand the true meaning of the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry, we should take a comprehensive view of the global industrial value chain, especially with reference to the manufacturing systems of developed countries

from the smile curve of the global industrial value chain, the upstream of the manufacturing industrial chain is R & D and high-tech parts. The fineness of eye ink is closely related to the quality of printed matter. Most of the former fields are monopolized by European and American developed countries. China's traditional manufacturing industry is mostly located in the processing and assembly links in the middle of the industrial chain. The core technology and core components are controlled by others, and they earn lower profits by relying on cost and scale advantages. However, at present, Chinese enterprises have begun to accelerate the transfer to technology research and development and high-tech products. Tan Xuguang said, however, Chinese enterprises generally ignore the downstream of the industrial chain. In fact, producer services such as downstream sales, aftermarket and services are also at the high end of the value chain. Take our restructured German Kaiao group as an example, 42% of its sales revenue in 2011 came from after-sales service and leasing

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